By A. Phillips Griffiths
A. J. Ayer, who died in 1989, was once stated as considered one of Britain's so much exceptional philosophers. during this memorial selection of essays top Western philosophers think of Ayer's position within the heritage of philosophy and discover features of his concept and educating. the amount additionally incorporates a posthumous essay by way of Ayer himself: "A Defence of Empiricism." those essays are surely a becoming tribute to a tremendous determine, however the assortment isn't easily retrospective; relatively it seems ahead to offer and destiny advancements in philosophical inspiration that Ayer's paintings has influenced.
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Extra info for A. J. Ayer: Memorial Essays (Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements (No. 30))
Austin was the critic who got furthest under Ayer's skin as is clear from the indignant tone of Ayer's response to his criticism of the sensedatum theory. Like Prichard and Moore he was a rigorously minute philosopher whose scrupulous pursuit of exactness gave him an extraordinary personal command over his contemporaries. He went further in that direction than his acknowledged master, Prichard, because of his greater intelligence and general mental agility. But his reputation has not survived him.
D. Broad published his Scientific Thought a year later and in 1925 The Mind and its Place in Nature. At a geographical distance, but not at a very large spiritual one, Russell brought out his Analysis of Mind in 1921 and Analysis of Matter in 1926. Not much was going on in other British philosophy departments. The most imposing product came from Manchester: Alexander's Space, Time and Deity in 1920. Exported fruitfully to Australia by John Anderson, it was respectfully ignored in its country of origin.
Ayer, as an undergraduate, attended the lectures that were to be published by Price in 1932 as Perception. The more influential of Ayer's philosophy tutors was Gilbert Ryle. After an early interest in the phenomenological movement, revealed in a respectful, if finally suspicious, review of Heidegger's Sein und Zeit (1929), Ryle was, by the beginning of the 1930s, showing marked Russellian tendencies. ' of 1930 presents a reductionist account of propositions that was to be echoed in the second chapter of Ayer's Foundations of Empirical Knowledge ten years later and in his London inaugural of 1946: Thinking and Meaning (TM).
A. J. Ayer: Memorial Essays (Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplements (No. 30)) by A. Phillips Griffiths