By Robert Levy
Ana Pauker, while she is remembered in any respect, is considered the puppet of Soviet communism in Romania, blindly imposing the main brutal and repressive Stalinist regime. Robert Levy's new biography alterations the image dramatically, revealing a lady of outstanding power, ruled by means of clash and contradiction way over by means of dogmatism. Telling the tale of Pauker's adolescence in an more and more anti-Semitic surroundings, her dedication to a innovative occupation, and her upward push within the Romanian Communist stream, Levy makes no try to whitewash Pauker's existence and activities, yet really explores each contour of the advanced personality he came across expressed in plenty of newly available archival records.
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Extra info for Ana Pauker: The Rise and Fall of a Jewish Communist
20 At the same time, however, her relationship with Marcel Pauker likely inﬂuenced her decision. ” 21 Marcel Pauker was most likely one of them. 22 Rabinsohn’s trip was hardly a matter of her simply following Pauker to Switzerland, as she clearly pursued her own agenda there and, moreover, lived in Geneva while he lived in Zurich. Yet he must have had a powerful pull on her. Pauker was handsome, dynamic, and self-assured. Passionate by nature, fervently idealistic, highly impulsive, and stubbornly independent, he was unﬂinching in his beliefs to the point of impudence.
The peasants showed little inclination for it until the beginning of the twentieth century, and the boyars shunned it as demeaning, preferring absentee landowning or the civil service. An imported merchant class ﬁlled the role, settling in Romania under the protection of foreign emissaries. 26 The foreign traders in Romania were overwhelmingly Greeks, Armenians, Bulgarians, and Serbs during the ﬁrst half of the nineteenth century. 28 Barred from owning land (since 1830) and from entering nearly all professions (until 1919), the Jews were forced to engage in trading, moneylending, and particularly artisan work.
Romania’s decreasing market share froze modernization on its estates, as both landowners and tenant contractors sought to make up for lost income by further exploiting peasant workers rather than expanding mechanization. Gross speculation proliferated as proﬁt margins tumbled: the boyars hiked the leases of all tenant contractors, who in turn squeezed their peasant laborers or their renters, further worsening the 26 Early Years peasants’ predicament and adding to peasant unrest. Perhaps inevitably, the peasant was often more inclined to blame the middleman with whom he dealt than to blame the absentee landlord, probably even more so if that middleman were a Jew, whom he generally viewed as an alien intruder.
Ana Pauker: The Rise and Fall of a Jewish Communist by Robert Levy